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The Role of BGP Routing Protocol in a Company’s Network

Common Issues With BGP

While BGP is a widely used routing protocol, common issues can cause network instability. These issues can be solved by rolling back the router software or contacting engineers. However, the process can be slow, as updates to BGP take time to propagate. Common issues with BGP include misconfiguration of routing tables, incorrect data, and security issues. Malicious actors can exploit the BGP routing protocol to direct traffic to their servers or other servers. This can lead to network outages and disrupted services.

Route Flap Dampening

Route flap dampening in BGP routing protocols in a company’s network can be used to ensure that only certain routes are included in the routing table. Route flap dampening charges a prefix of a penalty every time it flaps. The first time a route flaps, the router will charge a prefix a penalty of 1000 bps, which is increased to ten bps for subsequent flaps. Route flap dampening limits network problems caused by flapping routes by reducing the attention of peer routers. When a route flap occurs, it is not advertised to neighbors and is therefore put in the suppressed state. Once it reaches this stage, a router’s half-life timer starts, and if it reaches its threshold, it is re-advertised to all its neighbors.

Decision-Making Algorithms

The BGP routing protocol uses several decision-making algorithms to find the best path. The path with the lowest cost is often preferred over the path with the highest cost. The decision-making algorithms can be configured to perform various types of searches. BGP routers analyze prefix announcements and AS-peering agreements to find the best path. They then choose the route that requires the least number of network hops. However, short routes may be delayed by congestion. Longer routes, on the other hand, maybe faster. This process continues until the data reaches its destination.


Policies for BGP routing protocol in a network specify routing rules and control routes in the routing table. Each route has a policy associated with it that must be configured on each device that must export a prefix. The policy must include an export statement and an import statement. In a company’s network, policies for BGP routing protocol can help ensure that only certain routes are exported. The protocol applies standard and implementation-dependent criteria for selecting routes. For example, it may send several different routes to the same destination. In this case, a BGP route to the destination will be rejected. When the neighbor withdraws a route, it will be deleted from the routing table.

Growth Of The Internet Routing Table

IPv4 addresses are limited in number and are rapidly running out in the 21st century, so the need to grow Internet routing tables is essential to keep pace. However, this growth also brings challenges. As of this writing, there has yet to be a known solution to the growing number of IPv4 addresses, so the IETF continues to work to develop solutions. Internet routing table sizes limit the number of routes that a router can support. This slows the path exploration process, resulting in slower convergence of the internet. But increasing the size of the table has its advantages. Higher-capacity routers can support more routes and offer higher performance than smaller-capacity routers.

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